What Infections Does Chloramphenicol Treat?

What type of bacteria does chloramphenicol kill?

It has a role as an antimicrobial agent, an antibacterial drug, a protein synthesis inhibitor, an Escherichia coli metabolite and a Mycoplasma genitalium metabolite..

Does chloramphenicol kill bacteria?

Chloramphenicol is known as a broad-spectrum antibiotic, which means it is effective against infections caused by a wide variety of bacteria. Chloramphenicol works by preventing bacteria from producing proteins that are essential to them.

What does chloramphenicol do to humans?

PRECAUTION FOR HUMANS: Chloramphenicol can cause permanent damage to the bone marrow in about 1 in 10,000 people. For these people, even skin contact can cause permanent damage.

Can chloramphenicol be used on skin?

Chloramphenicol cream is only for external use on the skin. Wash hands before and after use. Wash affected area and gently pat dry. Apply a thin layer of the ointment to the affected area as often as prescribed by your prescriber or health care professional.

Is metronidazole an antibiotic?

Metronidazole is an antibiotic. It’s used to treat skin infections, rosacea and mouth infections (including infected gums and dental abscesses). It’s used in the treatment of conditions such as bacterial vaginosis and pelvic inflammatory disease.

How much does chloramphenicol cost?

The cost for chloramphenicol injectable powder for injection 1000 mg is around $336 for a supply of 10 powder for injection, depending on the pharmacy you visit.

What drugs can be used to cure gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea Treatment If you have this STD, your doctor will likely prescribe two antibiotics: ceftriaxone and either azithromycin (Zithromax, Zmax) or doxycycline (Monodox, Vibramycin). Ceftriaxone is given as a one-time injection — usually a dose of 250 milligrams (mg).

Can you use too much chloramphenicol?

If you use more chloramphenicol than you should If you accidently apply too much drops, you should wash your eye with plenty of water, if any painful symptoms continue after this, you should tell your doctor immediately.

What does chloramphenicol treat?

Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic. It’s mainly used to treat eye infections (such as conjunctivitis) and sometimes ear infections. Chloramphenicol comes as eye drops or eye ointment. These are available on prescription or to buy from pharmacies.

What are the side effect of chloramphenicol?

Common side effects of chloramphenicol include:not enough red blood cells produced (aplastic anemia)bone marrow suppression.diarrhea.inflammation of the small intestine and the colon (enterocolitis)accumulation of chloramphenicol especially in newborns (gray syndrome)headache.nausea.nightmares.More items…

Why do you have to wear gloves when handling chloramphenicol?

Gloves should be worn when handling the medication. DO NOT crush pills as inhaling the drug is just as dangerous as touching or consuming it – crushing the pills creates powders that can become airborne. If your pet vomits after giving this drug, wear gloves while cleaning up.

What happens if chloramphenicol is not refrigerated?

Thermal degradation of chloramphenicol occurs at a faster rate when stored in unrefrigerated conditions. This study measures the concentration of the principal thermal breakdown product of generic chloramphenicol eye-drops being sold over the counter in chemists in different locations in India.

What antibiotics are used to treat eye infections?

Oral antibiotics such as azithromycin or doxycycline are effective treatments.

How long does chloramphenicol stay in your system?

Monitoring both blood levels of the medication and blood cell levels every two days is recommended during treatment. Common side effects include bone marrow suppression, nausea, and diarrhea….Chloramphenicol.Clinical dataMetabolismLiverElimination half-life1.6–3.3 hoursExcretionKidney (5–15%), faeces (4%)Identifiers33 more rows

Why chloramphenicol is banned?

The Committee concluded that the compound is genotoxic, which means it could cause genetic damages and possibly lead to cancer. Chloramphenicol is also known to cause an extremely serious disease in people called “aplastic anemia”.

Is chloramphenicol a steroid?

GENERIC NAME: CHLORAMPHENICOL/HYDROCORTISONE – EYE-EAR OINTMENT (klor-am-FEN-eh-coal/hi-dro-KOR-tih-sown) USES: This medication contains an antibiotic that helps prevent or treat an infection and a steroid which reduces inflammation. It is used in the treatment of various eye (ophthalmic) or ear (otic) conditions.

Can humans take chloramphenicol?

Antibacterial Drugs Because chloramphenicol can cause aplastic anemia in humans, its use in humans has greatly diminished, and it is only used for the treatment of MDR bacterial infections where few or no other antimicrobial drugs are useful.

Can chloramphenicol make eye worse?

Temporary blurred vision, burning, stinging, or redness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: vision changes/problems. A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare.