Quick Answer: What Is An Example Of Epidemiology?

What are the branches of epidemiology?

Cancer Epidemiology.Cardiovascular Epidemiology.Clinical Epidemiology.Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology.Epidemiologic Methods.Epidemiology of Aging.Genetic Epidemiology and Statistical Genetics.Infectious Disease Epidemiology.More items….

Is Epidemiologist a doctor?

Are epidemiologists considered medical doctors? No. While epidemiologists study and investigate the causes and sources of diseases in much the same way as medical doctors, they’re not considered actual physicians.

What is it called when you study diseases?

Epidemiologists are scientists who study diseases within populations of people. In essence, these public health professionals analyze what causes disease outbreaks in order to treat existing diseases and prevent future outbreaks.

Why is epidemiology so important?

Epidemiology identifies the distribution of diseases, factors underlying their source and cause, and methods for their control; this requires an understanding of how political, social and scientific factors intersect to exacerbate disease risk, which makes epidemiology a unique science.

What is the focus of epidemiology?

Whereas epidemiology is the study of disease occurrence and transmission in a human population, epidemiological studies focus on the distribution and determinants of disease. Epidemiology may also be considered the method of public health—a scientific approach to studying disease and health problems.

What is disease epidemiology?

Epidemiology is the study of how often diseases occur in different groups of people and why. Epidemiological information is used to plan and evaluate strategies to prevent illness and as a guide to the management of patients in whom disease has already developed.

What are the aims of epidemiology?

The principal aim of epidemiology is to identify factors related to the occurrence of disease. Identification of these factors both causal ( causation) and risk factors, enable developing a rational basis for prevention ( epidemiology, prevention).

What is the strongest study design?

The most common and strongest interventional study design is a randomized controlled trial, however, there are other interventional study designs, including pre-post study design, non-randomized controlled trials, and quasi-experiments (1,5,13).

What are the 5 W’s of epidemiology?

The difference is that epidemiologists tend to use synonyms for the 5 W’s: diagnosis or health event (what), person (who), place (where), time (when), and causes, risk factors, and modes of transmission (why/how).

What are the basic principles of epidemiology?

Uses of EpidemiologyCount health-related events.Describe the distribution of health-related events in the population.Describe clinical patterns.Identify risk factors for developing diseases.Identify causes or determinants of disease.Identify control and/or preventive measures.More items…•

What are the types of epidemiology?

Epidemiological studies generally fall into four broad categories:cross-sectional studies.case-control studies.cohort studies.intervention studies.

Which is the most powerful epidemiological study?

Randomized, controlled clinical trials are the most powerful designs possible in medical research, but they are often expensive and time-consuming.

What is epidemiology and why is it important?

It is the scientific method of investigation problem-solving used by disease detectives— epidemiologists, laboratory scientists, statisticians, physicians and other health care providers, and public health professionals—to get to the root of health problems and outbreaks in a community.

What is the best definition for epidemiology?

By definition, epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, and data-driven) of the distribution (frequency, pattern) and determinants (causes, risk factors) of health-related states and events (not just diseases) in specified populations (neighborhood, school, city, state, country, global).

What are the 3 major types of epidemiologic studies?

Three major types of epidemiologic studies are cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies (study designs are discussed in more detail in IOM, 2000). A cohort, or longitudinal, study follows a defined group over time.