Question: What Are The Two Main Principles Of Infection Control?

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items….

What are the 3 levels of infection control?

7 Decontamination: the total process used to remove organic matter and micro- organisms from an item and render it safe for use. There are three levels of decontamination: cleaning, disinfection and sterilization.

What are the five universal precautions?

5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

What are the two underlying principles of infection control?

Introduction.The general principles of infection prevention and control.Hand hygiene.Using personal protective equipment.Safe handling and disposal of sharps.Safe handling and disposal of chemical waste.Managing blood and bodily fluids.

WHO infection control standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices:hand hygiene before and after all patient contact.the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.the safe use and disposal of sharps.More items…

What are the basic principles of infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).

What standard precautions should be taken?

Standard precautions are work practices required to achieve a basic level of infection control. They include: hand hygiene and cough etiquette. the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)…cleaning and disinfection.regular handwashing.exclusion and cohorting of ill people.

How do you practice infection control?

Hand hygiene1.Gloves. ■ Wear when touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, mucous membranes, nonintact skin. … Facial protection (eyes, nose, and mouth) ■ … Gown. ■ … Prevention of needle stick injuries2.Respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette.Environmental cleaning. ■ … Linens.More items…

What is the most common type of HAI?

The four most common types of HAIs are related to invasive devices or surgical procedures and include:Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI)Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI)Surgical site infection (SSI)Ventilator-associated events (VAE)

What are the 5 moments of hand hygiene?

My 5 Moments for Hand Hygienebefore touching a patient,before clean/aseptic procedures,after body fluid exposure/risk,after touching a patient, and.after touching patient surroundings.

How can the spread of infection be prevented?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What is standard infection control?

Standard Precautions. Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What is the role of infection control?

Akin to a public health practice, infection control is an essential process of every healthcare organization. It addresses factors related to the spread of infections among patients, among staff, and between patients and staff.

What are two infection control techniques in a salon?

Principles & Practices of Infection Control in SalonsCleaning – Removal of visible debris from an implement or surface. … Sanitation – Lowering the number of germs on surfaces or objects to a safe level, as judged by public health standards. … Disinfection – Chemical process that eliminates most microorganisms on non-living surfaces and implements.More items…