Question: How Is Bacterial Meningitis Contracted?

How common is bacterial meningitis?

In the United States, approximately 2,600 sporadic cases of Bacterial Meningitis are reported each year.

Meningitis caused by pneumococcal infections affects about 1.1 in 100,000 individuals.

Meningitis caused by haemophilus influenza affects about .

2 in 100,000 individuals..

How long does it take to recover from bacterial meningitis?

Treatment at home This type of meningitis will normally get better on its own without causing any serious problems. Most people feel better within 7 to 10 days. In the meantime, it can help to: get plenty of rest.

How long do you have to live if you have meningitis?

Common symptoms in children and adults Most people with mild viral meningitis usually get better on their own within 7 to 10 days.

Where is bacterial meningitis most commonly found?

The largest burden of meningococcal disease occurs in an area of sub-Saharan Africa known as the meningitis belt, which stretches from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east (26 countries).

How are patients physically affected by bacterial meningitis?

The most common symptoms of bacterial meningitis are: Painful, stiff neck with limited range of motion. Headaches. High fever.

Why is bacterial meningitis so serious?

Approximately 80 percent of all cases are acute bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis can be life threatening. The infection can cause the tissues around the brain to swell. This in turn interferes with blood flow and can result in paralysis or even stroke.

What are the complications of bacterial meningitis?

What are the serious complications of bacterial meningitis?Hearing loss.Cortical blindness.Other cranial nerve dysfunction.Paralysis.Muscular hypertonia.Ataxia.Multiple seizures.Mental motor retardation.More items…•

How is meningitis contracted?

Common bacteria or viruses that can cause meningitis can spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils, a toothbrush or a cigarette. These steps can help prevent meningitis: Wash your hands. Careful hand-washing helps prevent the spread of germs.

What is the survival rate of bacterial meningitis?

Without treatment, the case-fatality rate can be as high as 70 percent, and one in five survivors of bacterial meningitis may be left with permanent sequelae including hearing loss, neurologic disability, or loss of a limb (18).

How can you tell the difference between viral and bacterial meningitis?

The clues that the doctor uses are the levels of white cells, protein and glucose in the CSF. Typically in bacterial meningitis the white cell count is much higher than in viral meningitis (and is a different type of white cell), the protein is much higher and the glucose is much lower than in viral meningitis.

Is bacterial or viral meningitis worse?

Meningitis caused by viruses is serious but often is less severe than bacterial meningitis. People with normal immune systems who get viral meningitis usually get better on their own. There are vaccines to prevent some kinds of viral meningitis.

What precautions are used for bacterial meningitis?

What infection control precautions are required? Meningococcal meningitis patients should be placed on droplet precautions (private room, mask for all entering the room) until they have completed 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Negative pressure ventilation is not required.

What bacteria causes meningitis?

Common causes of bacterial meningitis vary by age group:Newborns: Group B Streptococcus, S. pneumoniae, L. monocytogenes, E. coli.Babies and children: S. pneumoniae, N. meningitidis, H. influenzae type b (Hib), group B Streptococcus.Teens and young adults: N. meningitidis, S. pneumoniae.More items…•

What are the long term side effects of bacterial meningitis?

Hence, bacterial meningitis is associated with learning and memory deficits, cognitive deficiencies and sensorimotor impairments including hearing and visual loss, and motor dysfunction [9]–[11]. Up to a third of all survivors suffer transient or permanent deafness or other neurological sequelae [12].

Can you recover from bacterial meningitis?

Up to 10 percent of people with bacterial meningitis don’t survive. Some who survive the illness may battle seizures, brain damage, hearing loss, and disability for the rest of their life.

Can meningitis be prevented?

The best way to prevent bacterial meningitis is through vaccination. Vaccines prepare the immune system by exposing the body to a germ so that it is better able to fight an infection when it occurs. Vaccines contain either parts of a germ, live but weakened germs, or inactivated (dead) germs.